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Cluster development: "textile province" towards "textile province"

The upcoming opening of the Jiangsu International Fashion Festival, set up a special exhibition: textile and clothing characteristics of the town exhibition area. Characteristics of the town focused on the back of the show, is more than a decade to adhere to the development of Jiangsu textile industry cluster results.

From the history of "sunrise million, clothing by the world" to today to lead the history of China's modern textile industry, Jiangsu textile people all the way came fruitful. Jiangsu textile industry scale since 2010 has been more than 1.5 trillion yuan for seven consecutive years, the first half of this year, Jiangsu Province, the textile industry to achieve industrial output value of 7721.1 billion yuan, an increase of 8.6%, profits up 12.5%.

Combing the development of textile and garment industry in Jiangsu Province, we found that cluster development has become a distinctive feature. Jiangsu Provincial Party Committee, the provincial government has long proposed to develop industrial clusters, since 2002, Jiangsu Province Textile Industry Association in the province's textile industry to carry out industrial cluster pilot work. "Agglomeration development is a well-known economic phenomenon in the process of economic development, cluster work is an important work of industry associations, and the development of the textile industry is closely related." Jiangsu Textile Industry Association Xie Ming said.

Cluster development, distinctive characteristics of Jiangsu clothing

Today's market competition has evolved from competition among individual enterprises to competition between industrial clusters with perfect industrial chains and value chains. Cluster internal information sharing, fast response, production, sales, logistics, information and other channels are closely linked, easy to form a joint force.

Over the years, the Jiangsu Textile Industry Association actively organized, coordinated and served through various areas of solid work, organized a total of 14 batches of industrial cluster pilot work, named more than 70 clusters, the cluster development effect is very significant. Which emerged Changshu, Jiangyin, Wujiang, MSC four billion base. Industry characteristics cover the spinning, weaving, dyeing, clothing and other sectors, the industry chain supporting tend to complete, professional division of labor and the degree of collaboration to enhance the "regional brand" gradually formed, an important support industry.

Wujiang Shengze into a home factory, electronic control of the modern loom, a very small number of textile workers, showing the "wisdom of the times," a new era of textile industry. Shengze is a textile town since ancient times, through the history of the promenade, now, the town has all kinds of textile weaving enterprises more than 2,500, more than 130,000 shuttleless loom, with an annual output of more than 100 million tons of textiles, As "national torch emerging textile fiber and fabric characteristics of industrial base" "China Silk Town" "China's textile town."

2015, wool cashmere coat industry has become 100 billion industrial base Changshu "thirteen five" important part of the planning of the garment industry. Changshu as a national textile industry, China's wool fabric supply base, with a set of textile, weaving, printing and dyeing, design, production and processing, circulation as one of the complete industrial chain system. This from the upstream to the downstream of the complete industrial chain structure, Changshu to develop China's cashmere wool coat industry base has brought a unique advantage. Today, wool cashmere coat has become the backbone of the development of Changshu women's clothing, "China's cashmere wool coat production and wholesale base," "China's cashmere products city", became Changshu clothing industry resounding new business card.

"The competitiveness of industrial clusters from the middle and lower reaches of the industry chain, not only to promote industrial transformation and upgrading and quality and efficiency." Xie Ming president admitted that "the development of the garment industry can not be separated from industrial clusters and clusters, The more the gathering of talent through the study of the world's five major fashion capital, you can get an experience, only to bid farewell to the development of small and scattered state, to do industrial clusters and the whole industry chain support to the Association for the integration of these garment enterprises, Baotuan Union development to break through them Long - term development of the dilemma.

Characteristics of small towns, textile industry cluster development of new bright spots

Textile and garment characteristics of the town is the development of industrial clusters show a new bright spot. Xie Ming, president of the textile and garment industry characteristics of the town has two standards: first, must be a cluster; second, to produce finished products for the characteristics.

In the Hing Wu Nerong Technology Co., Ltd., Chairman Wu Dongbiao proudly led us to visit the exquisite fabric exhibition hall. Here to fine for the characteristics of the textile fabrics, has been to many countries in the world. Founded in 1999, Xing Wu Nerong is a member of Changjing Town, a large number of woolen woolen business, high-tech enterprises in Jiangsu Province, at the same time with the domestic woolen woolen industry only a well-known Chinese trademark. 18 years of wind and rain growth so that Wu Dongbiao know a truth: "enterprises to develop must rely on industrial clusters, alone is not work."

"In 2016, Changjing Town was named 'outstanding industrial agglomeration zone in Jiangsu Province'; 2017, Chang Jing Town, the creation of 'China's woolen woolen name" in 2016, Changjing Town was named' Jiangsu Province, Town "." Jiangyin Mayor Town Town, Tao Yujun said familiarly, now Changjing Town has from "a hair" to "a clothing" a complete industrial chain.

"Wedding one-stop, happy life", is the city of Suzhou City, Tiger Hill wedding city of a loud slogan, but also Tiger Hill wedding service to the public's purpose. To the business travel to deepen the industrial connotation, the original single wedding market transformation and upgrading to a one-stop wedding culture tourism industry park, Huqiu wedding city in recent years has attracted more than 20 million pairs of new people to buy wedding supplies.

Changshu City, Mei Town, a total of 843 textile and garment enterprises, of which more than 60 enterprises over the scale, led by 19,000 jobs, formed a set of raw materials, weaving, finishing and end products in one of the more mature industrial clusters, China's first batch of knitting industry output value of over 10 billion cluster, is also China's largest production base of velvet products, forming a global production of velvet products, the largest production base.

China's stacked stone bridge International Home Textiles City, is the world's largest, the only modern, international textile professional market. Jiangsu stacked stone bridge market planning section chief Zhao Yonggen said, stacked stone bridge textile industry has formed a covering weaving, dyeing, printing, finished products, research and development, logistics, a complete industrial chain, covering more than 200 square kilometers around, supporting More than 6500 production enterprises, driving more than 50 million people engaged in the super-textile industry cluster, the annual production capacity of more than 200 billion yuan.

Suzhou City, Wujiang District Zhenze town is gathered in Taihu Lake snow, silk cube and so on more than 100 silk enterprises, accounting for the city of Suzhou four percent, and the formation of silk textile industry chain, silk industry cluster annual output value of over 1.4 billion, annual growth rate of nearly 30 % Of Changshu Yunzang town clothing enterprises accounted for 72% of the region's enterprises, involving all aspects of the garment industry chain, including 81 garment manufacturers, 41 creative clothing design business, 686 appliance business enterprises, led the 12,000 People employment, operating income of 1.5 billion yuan, tax 35 million yuan ... ...

Talent + capital, grow industrial clusters

How does the cluster come into being? In Xie Ming view, must meet the total amount, a group of leading enterprises, the government to promote support for three conditions.

Hailan and the sun is the new town of the two leading group, with Jingya Group, Zhenxin Industrial, good luck to Longyang and other advantages of growth-oriented enterprises to support the textile and garment industry cluster, becoming the world's largest wool textile production base. Xinzhen Town, deputy mayor Tang Zhenwei introduction, in 2016, the town of wool textile industry to achieve billing sales of 79 billion yuan, the town's total import and export volume reached 180 million US dollars, wool textile products are exported to five continents, and with 60 countries and regions Many of the well-known customers to establish a long-term, friendly and stable relations of cooperation, most of the international top or well-known clothing brands, such as Armani, LV, Clarini, Jie Niya, BOSS, UNIQLO and so on.

Xinqiao as a small town, why would there be such a huge industrial agglomeration capacity? Tang Zhenwei gave the answer: First, talent-intensive. In recent years, Hailan Group and Sunshine Group, respectively, the implementation of the "Phoenix Plan" and "professional flight program", the continued introduction of talent, and to the status of the highest grade of the house and other good treatment to nest to attract talent. Second, capital intensive. Capital of the largest role is to expand the scale of enterprises, the new bridge foresight, in addition to the existing Hailan home, Jiangsu Sunshine and four rings of three listed companies, the new bridge is still cultivating the market echelon, the first large enterprises, small companies. Third, science and technology innovation ability. Newbridge to encourage key enterprises to take the lead in major national science and technology projects as well as national and provincial major scientific and technological projects to promote enterprises to increase technological innovation to enhance core competitiveness. In turn, the more clusters will also attract foreign talent, capital and technology, and increase industrial agglomeration.

In addition, industry associations are also an important driving force to promote the development of industrial clusters. Knitting underwear industry is the traditional pillar industry of Gu Town, Jiangyin City. As early as the late 70s of last century, the early 80s, Gu Shanzhen was opened underwear workshop. With the deepening of reform and opening up, Gu Shan's underwear business to achieve from scratch, from small to large, from scattered to poly cross. The town currently a total of 78 underwear business, the annual production capacity of 60 million (sets), billing sales 3.206 billion yuan.

But for some time, "a high two low" (high labor costs, low product value, low technical content) deeply troubled Gu Shan underwear business. As the threshold of access is low, the low level of underwear enterprises is repeated. At the same time, as labor-intensive enterprises, with the implementation of "labor law", the labor cost increases, and the profit margins of underwear enterprises are getting smaller and smaller. In order to compete for labor and the market, peers can not help some vicious competition. In 2008, a sudden global financial crisis completely changed the Gu Shan underwear business "peer is the enemy" idea, peer companies are no longer competing for each other, and began to sympathize with each other, understanding and support.

Gu Shan underwear development status caused the town party committee, the government's high degree of concern, at the same time, more and more entrepreneurs to focus attention to build industry associations. Ship against the risk. "In order to avoid the disorderly competition and information are not interoperable, Gu Town in 2009 set up underwear industry associations to guide the industry to take the road of development, to guide the town underwear industry scientific development, the formation of large-scale enterprises, Enterprise symbiotic benign development trend, effectively promote the garment industry scale, intensive and professional development. "Gu Town, deputy mayor Chen Wenqi said.
Looking back, Jiangsu textile industry cluster is the rapid development, because the cluster area to create and play a lot of comparative advantages. In the current situation, although some comparative advantages such as low wages and so on have ceased to exist, but there are still many advantages in continuing to support the cluster economic development, such as the local party committee and government in the policy measures on the support, unique specialization Production, industry chain supporting upstream and downstream, industry and professional market mutual interaction, professional information in the region quickly spread and gradually improve the comprehensive public services. Looking forward to the future, in the "three to a comeback", "public entrepreneurship, innovation" and "Made in China 2025" and other growth engine, I believe that Jiangsu textile industry cluster will usher in a new breakthrough!

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